Summary of Buddhism
Summary of Buddhism – What are the key points?
A summary of Buddhism can be traced to Siddhartha Gautama, a prince from northern India near modern Nepal, who lived about 563-483 BC.
Buddhism was founded as a form of atheism that rejected the belief in a personal, creator God (Ishvara) who controlled the eternal destiny of human souls. Siddhartha Gautama denied the ancient theistic beliefs, because he found it difficult to reconcile the reality of suffering, judgment and evil with the existence of a righteous and holy God.
Buddhism is a philosophy of self-perfection, represented by the teachings of the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhism follows various "scriptures," the oldest and most authoritative of which are compiled in the Pali Canon.
Summary of Buddhism – The Philosophies
It's estimated that there are over 600 million Buddhists worldwide, practicing three main Buddhist philosophies: Mahayana (the "Greater Vehicle"); Theravada (the "Doctrine of the Elders"); and Vajrayana (also known as Lamaism or Tantrism).