Summary of Islam
Summary of Islam – What is Important to Know?
A summary of Islam can be traced to Muhammad in about 622 AD. This relatively young religion claims to be the restoration of true monotheism started with Abraham, and thus, supersedes both Judaism and Christianity, which were allegedly corrupt and incomplete. Islam is based on absolute submission to the one "true" God, Allah.
Muslims are called to conform to the "five pillars" (disciplines) of Islam in order to achieve eternal salvation. Muhammad (570 and 632 AD) is believed by Muslims to be the last and greatest prophet of God. It was through him that the Qur'an was dictated. For the Muslim, the Qur'an is the holy book of Islam and the true word of Allah. Muhammad claimed that the Qur'an comprised the preexistent and perfect words of Allah, dictated in Arabic by the angel Gabriel. Islam teaches that the Qur'an contains the complete and uncompromised revelation and will of Allah.
Summary of Islam – Understanding the Qur’an
The Qur'an is slightly shorter than the New Testament of the Bible and is divided into 114 "surahs" (chapters). Each surah represents an episodic vision received by Muhammad in the desert over many years. While Islam respects certain versions of the Jewish Torah (first five books of the Old Testament), the psalms of David, and the four gospels of the New Testament, the Qur'an is held alone as the religion's true authority.
Islam teaches that the Qur'an is only truly understood in Arabic, and therefore, it has become a religious obligation to read and quote it in the original language. By most accounts, Islam is the world's fastest growing religion, with estimated membership now over one billion people.